Journal Article

The relationship between temporomandibular joint disc morphology and stress angulation in skeletal Class III patients

Koichiro Ueki, Kiyomasa Nakagawa, Kohei Marukawa, Shigeyuki Takatsuka and Etsuhide Yamamoto

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 27, issue 5, pages 501-506
Published in print October 2005 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online July 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cji029
The relationship between temporomandibular joint disc morphology and stress angulation in skeletal Class III patients

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The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between disc position and stress direction on the condyle by means of stress analysis using the rigid body spring model (RBSM) theory. The material consisted of 88 joints of 44 Class III dentofacial deformity patients, divided into symmetry and asymmetry groups on the basis of the Mx–Md midline position. The asymmetry group was identified by comparison with a reference midline vertical plane passing through a plane from ANS to Me. Asymmetry was diagnosed when the angle between these two planes was greater than 3 degrees. The geometry of the stress analysis model was based on sagittal tomography of the subject. The first molar, gonial angle, and the most anterior, superior, and posterior points on the condyle were plotted on a computer display, and stress angulation on the condyles was calculated with the RBSM program.

In addition to anterior displacement with or without reduction, three types of disc position could be identified using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): anterior, fully covered and posterior. In the asymmetric group, stress angulation was significantly higher (P < 0.05) at the deviation side compared with the non-deviation side. There was also a significant correlation between disc position and stress angulation (P < 0.05). In the asymmetry group, regression analysis indicated a significant correlation (P < 0.001) between the difference in stress angulation (between the deviation side and the non-deviation side) and the degree of asymmetry (measured by the angle of asymmetry). This study demonstrated that temporomandibular joint (TMJ) stress was associated with TMJ morphology in Class III patients whether or not they were asymmetric.

Journal Article.  3616 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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