Journal Article

Effects of surface conditioning on bond strength of metal brackets to all-ceramic surfaces

Tamer Türk, Duygu Saraç, Y. Şinasi Saraç and Selma Elekdağ-Türk

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 28, issue 5, pages 450-456
Published in print October 2006 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online June 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Effects of surface conditioning on bond strength of metal brackets to all-ceramic surfaces

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The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of bonding brackets to ceramic restorations. Sixty feldspathic and 60 lithium disilicate ceramic specimens were randomly divided into six groups. Shear bond strength (SBS) and bond failure types were examined with six surface-conditioning methods: silane application to glazed surface, air particle abrasion (APA) with 25- and 50-μm aluminium trioxide (Al2O3), etching with 9.6 per cent hydrofluoric acid (HFA), and roughening with 40- and 63-μm diamond burs. Silane was applied to all roughened surfaces. Metal brackets were bonded with light cure composite, then stored in distilled water for 1 week and thermocycled (×500 at 5-55°C for 30 seconds). The ceramic surfaces were examined with a stereomicroscope at a magnification of ×10 to determine the amount of composite resin remaining using the adhesive remnant index.

The lowest SBS values were obtained with HFA for feldspathic (5.39 MPa) and lithium disilicate (11.11 MPa) ceramics; these values were significantly different from those of the other groups. The highest SBS values were found with 63-μm diamond burs for feldspathic (26.38 MPa) and lithium disilicate (28.20 MPa) ceramics, and were not significantly different from 40-μm diamond burs for feldspathic and lithium disilicate ceramics (26.04 and 24.26 MPa, respectively). Roughening with 25- and 50-μm Al2O3 particles showed modest SBS for lithium disilicate (22.60 and 26.15 MPa, respectively) and for feldspathic ceramics (17.90 and 14.66 MPa, respectively). Adhesive failures between the ceramic and composite resin were noted in all groups. Damage to the porcelain surfaces was not observed.

The SBS values were above the optimal range, except for feldspathic ceramic treated with HFA and silane. With all surface-conditioning methods, lithium disilicate ceramic displayed higher SBS than feldspathic ceramic.

Journal Article.  3986 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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