A New Beginning? James, Duke of York in Scotland, 1679–85

Gillian H. MacIntosh

in The Scottish Parliament under Charles II, 1660-1685

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2007 | ISBN: 9780748624577
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653409 | DOI:
A New Beginning? James, Duke of York in Scotland, 1679–85

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This chapter discusses Scotland's Duke of York. It was events in England that eventually threatened Lauderdale's dominance. The Catholic menace was directly associated with political absolutism, best represented by the France of Louis XIV, but there was a far more immediate target in the English opposition's sights. In many ways the personnel that governed Scotland under the duke of York remained remarkably similar to those who held office under Lauderdale, with James making up ‘a mongrell party of his owne in Scotland, partly composed of Lauderdale's friends and of other new ones whom York assumed.’ The Revolution saw the abolition of the lords of the articles, the removal of the bishops, reducing the crown vote, and the royal prerogative superseded by the rule of law. The Scottish parliament witnessed a new constitutional settlement — one that was radically different from that enacted at Charles II's restoration in 1660.

Keywords: Scotland; Duke of York; England; Lauderdale; bishops; Louis XIV; English; revolution; Scottish parliament

Chapter.  14121 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Regional and Area Studies

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