In the closing period of the history of the Muslims of al-Andalus, there were three key crises, three times of suffering and bloodshed that stood out among the many others. The first was the first revolt in the Alpujarras of 1500 (which was followed by the original forcible conversion of 1501); the last such crisis was, obviously enough, the trauma of the Expulsion of 1609 and after. Between these liminal dates, beyond any doubt the event of the greatest importance, not only for the Moriscos of Granada but for all of Spain's crypto-Muslims, was the second revolt in the Alpujarras of 1568–70, sometimes referred to as the Second Granadan War. The outcome of the fighting of 1568–70 was the elimination of all but a remnant of the Granadan Muslim community from the area where, up to then, the traditions and glories of the past of al-Andalus had survived best. Once the Granadan community had virtually ceased to exist, all over Spain the Christian majority and the crypto-Muslim minorities began to relate to each other differently.
Keywords: crisis and war; Muslims of al-Andalus; Granada; forcible conversion; revolt; bloodshed; crypto-Muslims
Chapter. 15918 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
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