‘War of the Comedians’ in Paris, 1752–4. A quarrel over an opera by Destouches led to the invitation to Paris of troupe of It. comedians, who made much stir with their perf. of Pergolesi's intermezzo La serva padrona. The Fr. literary and mus. world split into 2 factions, favouring, respectively, It. and Fr. opera (as exemplified by Rameau). Rousseau and Diderot joined the controversy on the It. side.