River in NW Asia Minor, scene of Alexander 2 the Great's first victory over the Persians (334 bc). Alexander began the battle on the right, launching an attack on the Persian cavalry lining the river‐bank with the left squadron of Companions (see hetairoi) and other cavalry between them and the phalanx to their left. The attack was driven back, but when the Persians pursued into the river‐bed, Alexander led his remaining Companions obliquely to the left into their disordered ranks. After a short fight, the Persian cavalry fled, leaving their Greek mercenaries, stationed in the plain beyond the river, to be surrounded and annihilated.
Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.