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More than a third of the world's 1.2 billion Muslims live as political and religious minorities. Early Islamic history yields two models for Muslim minorities to follow: the Meccan model, where Muslims facing persecution opted for emigration, and the Abyssinian model, in which the Muslim minority lived among a Christian majority in a state of tolerance and peaceful coexistence. In the modern world, Muslims living as minorities still consider themselves part of the worldwide family of Muslims.

Subjects: Islam.

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