French architect. He trained under Boffrand and Hardouin-Mansart and settled in Russia where he worked for Tsar Peter the Great (1672–1725), for whom he designed a richly decorated cabinet in Peterhof (1721) and his tomb (1725). Returning to Paris in 1726, he designed several hôtels (e.g. Hôtel Mazarin (1740). He was best known as a creator of exquisite Rococo interiors, for which many drawings survive, some being publicized in J. -F. Blondel's De la distribution des maisons de plaisance et de la décoration des édifices en général (1737–8), while Batty Langley also reproduced some of his designs for console-tables.
Deshairs (1914);Gallet (1972);Hautecœur (1950);Jervis (1984);Lampugnani (ed.) & Lampugnani (ed.) & Dinsmoor (1986);Kimball (1980);Lewis and Darley (1986)Jane Turner (1980)
Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Architecture.