(b Magdeburg, 1681; d Hamburg, 1767).
Ger. composer and organist. Self‐taught by study of scores (esp. those of Lully and Campra). Org., Neuekirche, Leipzig, 1704, having already written several operas. Kapellmeister at Eisenach 1708–12, moving then to Frankfurt. In 1721 he went to Hamburg as Kantor of the Johanneum and mus. dir. of the 5 main churches. When in 1722 an attempt was made to prevent his taking part in operatic performances, he retaliated by applying for the vacant post of Kantor at the Thomaskirche, Leipzig. He was appointed, in preference to J. S. Bach, but Hamburg retained him by increasing his salary and appointing him mus. dir. of the Opera. Extremely prolific composer, skilled in counterpoint and of great facility, but his mus. has surface charm rather than depth. The best of it, however, is delightful. Among his voluminous output, which incl. 600 ovs. in the It. style, 44 Passions, 12 complete services, and 40 operas, are the following:
Der geduldige Sokrates
Der Tag des Gerichts
(The Day of Judgement);
(The Times of Day);
Der Tod Jesu
(The Death of Jesus);
Die Auferstehung Christi
(The Resurrection of Christ);
St Luke Passion
St Mark Passion
St Matthew Passion
Cantata oder Trauer‐Musik eines kunsterfahrenen Kanarien‐Vogels
(Funeral Music for a sweet‐singing canary);
(The Joy of Country Life);
In dulci jubilo
(Table Music) I, II, and III; Suite, , str. and b.c.;
, suite in E♭, str. and b.c.; concertos: 3 tpt., drums, 2 ob., str., b.c.; in G for vn., str., b.c.; A minor for concertino vn., str., b.c.; C major, 2 vn., str.; E minor, fl., str.; E minor, 2 fl., vn., str.; E minor, ob., str.; A major, ob. d'amore, str.; A minor, treble recorder, viola da gamba, str.; D major for D tpt., str.; D major, hn., str.; C major, 4 vn.; G major, 4 vn.; 12 12‐part qts.
Also many trio sonatas, suites, fl. qts., etc.