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Plate of burnt clay. Thin flat tiles are termed plain tiles, and are commonly used to clad roofs or walls: in the latter case the wall is referred to as being tile-hung. Thicker tiles, often of the encaustic type, are used for paving. Glazed coloured tiles for wall-finishes were employed in Ancient Mesopotamian architec-ture, and that tradition continued in Islamic architecture. In Spain, Moorish architecture was often decorated with glazed tilework of great beauty (alicatado) formed of uniformly shaped azulejos. Glazed tiles were often employed in France and The Netherlands from C15 to C17, and during C19 were widely used throughout Europe and America, especially in Art Nouveau and Arts-and-Crafts work of the 1890s and 1900s.

J. Barnard (1972);Berendsen (1967);T. Herbert & Huggins (1995);Lemmen (1993);W. McKay (1957);J. Parker (1850);Jane Turner (1996);Vallet (1982)

Fish-scale tiles (top) with plain tiles (below).

Subjects: Art.

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