German sculptor, born in Berlin. He studied at the Institute of Technology, Berlin, 1919–24, and in 1926, after working in industry, he began teaching electrical engineering there. He started making sculpture in 1925 and had his first one-man show at the Galerie Gurlitt, Berlin, in 1930. In 1933 he exhibited with the Novembergruppe. From 1933 to 1935 he was a political prisoner and after his release was forbidden by the Nazis to exhibit. He went back to work in industry, but continued to produce sculpture and became the first German to make abstract constructions, using metal sheets, rods, and wires (he had visited the Soviet Union in the early 1930s and was influenced by Russian Constructivism). Characteristically these sculptures are austere but elegant, sometimes painted. They were first exhibited at the Galerie Gerd Rosen, Berlin, where Uhlmann had a one-man show in 1947; subsequently he exhibited frequently in Germany and abroad, so bridging the gap between the avant-garde art of pre-Nazi Germany and the dominance of abstraction in the post-war period.
From A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art in Oxford Reference.