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Akkadian

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Afroasiatic Languages

Overview page. Subjects: Linguistics.

The Afroasiatic (or Afro-Asiatic) family includes the Semitic, Berber, Cushitic, Egyptian, and Chadic branches. Altogether, about 250 members of the family are known, most of them belonging...

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Babylonia

Overview page. Subjects: History.

[CP]

A region taking in the whole of the southern alluvial plain of Mesopotamia, which although traditionally linked with the city of Babylon was not always connected to it or...

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cuneiform

Overview page. Subjects: Linguistics.

Denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets. The name comes...

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Ebla

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

Archaeological site in Syria excavated in 1974–5. Many thousands of cuneiform texts were discovered written in a language which resembles Hebrew. They give important information about the...

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Elam

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Classical Studies.

A country east of the lower Tigris. Elam is first mentioned in the OT in Gen. 14 where the king is one of a coalition, but it comes frequently into the history of the 8th and 7th cents. bce...

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Historical Linguistics

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

This entry includes the following subentries:OverviewClassification by “Descent”Culture History and Historical LinguisticsMethodsMathematical MethodsComputational...

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Semitic

Overview page. Subjects: Linguistics.

Relating to or denoting a family of languages that includes Hebrew, Arabic, and Aramaic and certain ancient languages such as Phoenician and Akkadian, constituting the main subgroup of the...

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Sumerian

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Linguistics.

A people living in southern Mesopotamia in the 4th and 3rd millennia bc. By 3000 bc a number of city states had developed in Sumer, such as Uruk, Eridu, and Ur. The Sumerians are credited...

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