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Aśoka

(c. 272—231 bc)

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ahimsa

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

In the Hindu, Buddhist, and Jainist tradition, respect for all living things and avoidance of violence towards others. The word comes from Sanskrit, from a ‘non-, without’ + hiṃsā ‘violence...

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Aparānta

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

The ancient region of western India.covering much of present-day Gujarat and Mahārāṣṭra. Buddhism flourished in this region, particularly in the area of the coastal towns of Bharukaccha...

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Aśoka-avadāna

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

Sanskrit text of the avadāna genre that narrates a series of legends surrounding the main events in the life of the Emperor Aśoka.

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Asokārāma

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Pāli).

A monastery in Pāṭaliputra.built by and named after the emperor Aśoka (Pāli, Asoka). The monastery was the site of the Third Council (see Council of Pāṭaliputra II) and the...

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Bindusāra

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

Second incumbent of the Mauryan throne which he occupied for 28 years from c.297 bce. Known to the Greeks as Amitrochates, he was the son of Candragupta and father of Aśoka.

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Bodhgayā

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

A village in the state of Bihar, NE India, where the Buddha attained enlightenment. A bo of Chancery there is said to be a descendant of the tree under which he meditated.

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Bodhi Tree

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

Literally the ‘tree of awakening’, also known as the Bo Tree, it is the tree under which Siddhārtha Gautama is believed to have gained enlightenment (bodhi) after meditating under it for 49...

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Brāhmī

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

1 (Brahmāṇī) The name of Brahmā's śakti. According to some Purāṇic accounts, she was also the god's daughter, and gave birth to the first Manu as a result of their incestuous...

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Buddha

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

A title given to the founder of Buddhism, Siddartha Gautama (c. 563–c. 460 bc). Born an Indian prince in what is now Nepal, he renounced wealth and family to become an ascetic, and after...

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Buddhism

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

Western term which became established in popular usage in the 1830s to refer to the teachings of the Buddha. There is no direct equivalent for this term in Sanskrit or Pāli. Instead,...

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