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atrophy

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algodystrophy

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. a specific post-traumatic syndrome after nerve injury, in which a limb remains exquisitely sensitive to any stimulus and later develops disuse atrophy. See reflex...

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amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Medicine and Health.

A disease in humans resulting from the degeneration of motor neurons in the lateral columns of the spinal cord. The disease begins with an asymmetric weakness in the limbs and progresses to...

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anorexia nervosa

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A psychiatric illness in which the patients starve themselves or use other techniques, such as vomiting or taking laxatives, to induce weight loss. To fulfil ICD-10 criteria for anorexia...

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aplasia

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. total or partial failure of development of an organ or tissue. See also agenesis. —aplastic adj.

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atrogin

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A protein expressed specifically in skeletal muscle, and induced in starvation; probably responsible for the muscle atrophy seen in diabetes mellitus, cancer cachexia, and renal failure.

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degeneration

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. the deterioration and loss of specialized function of the cells of a tissue or organ. The changes may be caused by a defective blood supply or by disease. Degeneration may...

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gastric secretion

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

Gastric juice contains the enzymes chymosin (in infants) and lipase, the inactive precursor of pepsin (pepsinogen), intrinsic factor, mucin, and hydrochloric acid. The acid is secreted by...

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hypertrophy

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

Increase in the size of a tissue or organ as a result of an increase in cell size rather than increased numbers of cells (hyperplasia), though often both processes occur.

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locomotor ataxia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A form of ataxia resulting from syphilis, with slow degeneration of nerve fibres, muscular atrophy, and gradual loss of deep tendon reflexes. Also called tabes dorsalis. Compare gait ataxia.

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mucositis

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry.

Inflammation of the mucosa (mucous membrane). It is seen as a side-effect of chemotherapy or radiotherapy of the head and neck and is characterized by a burning sensation, areas of redness,...

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