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axis

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

1 The second cervical vertebra. It has a vertical superior process called the odontoid process, around which the atlas rotates.

2 See axis of rotation.

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cervical vertebrae

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The vertebrae of the neck. The number of cervical vertebrae varies: for example, most mammals (including humans) have 7. Their main functions are to support the head and to provide...

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occipital condyle

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

At the back of the skull, a bony knob which articulates with the first vertebra. It is absent in fish, and double in amphibians and mammals.

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occipito-atlantal joint

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The joint between the two condyles at the base of the occipital bone and the atlas vertebra.

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odontoid process

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Zoology and Animal Sciences.

A peg-like, bony process that projects forward from the second (axis) vertebra into the first (atlas) vertebra, but is formed from the centrum of the atlas which has become detached and...

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spine

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. 1. a sharp process of a bone. 2. the vertebral column (see backbone). —spinal adj.

1. a sharp process of a bone. 2. t...

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