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Alexander VII

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(1599–1667),

Pope from 1655. As a theologian he held strongly anti-Jansenist views, and to make Jansenist subterfuge impossible, in 1656 he condemned the five propositions from...

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Cornelius Otto Jansen

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — World History.

(1585–1638)

Flemish Roman Catholic theologian and founder of Jansenism. A strong opponent of the Jesuits, he proposed a reform of Christianity through a return to St Augustine. To...

See overview in Oxford Index

Innocent X

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(1574–1655),

Pope from 1644. Elected in spite of opposition from the French court, he supported the protest of his legate against the Peace of Westphalia (1648), and he condemned...

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Jansenism

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

A Christian movement of the 17th and 18th centuries, based on the writings of the Flemish Roman Catholic Cornelius Otto Jansen (1585–1638), a strong opponent of the Jesuits who proposed a...

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Urban VIII

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(1568–1644),

Pope from 1623. Though Maffeo Barberini was essentially a ‘political’ Pope, he encouraged religious life by canonizing a number of saints and approving new orders...

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Vineam Domini Sabaoth

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(1705).

A Constitution of Clement XI against the Jansenists. It claimed that the Pope could determine questions of fact as well as doctrine and that such decisions must be...

See overview in Oxford Index