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Abbasid

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Religion.

A member of a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258, named after Abbas (566–652), the prophet Muhammad's uncle and founder of the dynasty.

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Abul-Barakat al-Baghdadi

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(c.1080–c.1165) Jewish physician and philosopher, who converted to Islam.

Born in northern Iraq, he was educated in Baghdad, where he was a court physician. His criticism of...

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al- Kindī

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Islam.

(c.801–c.866)

An Arab philosopher and scholar who lived at Baghdad as a familiar of the caliphs, at a time of great theological controversies and intense activity of translating...

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Alhacen

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. after 1039) Physicist whose contributions to optics and the scientific method are outstanding.

1. Early life and travels2. Optics3. Other scientific contributions4.null...

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Arabic Calligraphy

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Arabic writing, alphabetical in type, belongs to the Semitic scripts; it has 25 consonants, three semi-vowels and three long vowels. Appearing under the influence of Syriac in the Christian...

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Arabic christian literature

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Each province of the Byzantine Empire conquered by the Muslims at the end of the 7th c. kept (as today) a more or less numerous Christian community, with its own ...

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Arabic manuscripts

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Arabic manuscripts copied between the 8th and the 15th c. (the earliest codex is datable to 843, but several fragments date back in all probability a century earlier) may number ...

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Arabic sources of Scandinavian history

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

During the Viking Age, the Scandinavians travelled to places as far apart as the river Volga, the Caspian and Black Sea area, Baghdad, and the Mediterranean. They therefore encountered...

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Arabs

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Ancient tribes and peoples who lived in, and around the modern Arabian peninsula. Herodotus was acquainted with the Arabs of southern Palestine and the Sinai, and mentions the Arabs of the...

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art and architecture: Abbasid

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The Abbasid caliphate (750–1258) is the second Islamic dynasty. The Abbasids succeeded the Damascus-based Umayyad dynasty (661–750) and moved the focal point of the Islamic political and...

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