Overview

(Peter) Reyner Banham

(1922—1988) architectural critic and historian

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Alex Moulton

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1920– )

Most widely known for his distinctive, small‐wheeled Moulton bicycle of 1962, Moulton was an inventive British designer and engineer. Having studied engineering at the...

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Alison Smithson

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(1928–93)

(1923–2003).

British architects and polemicists. A husband-and-wife team (married 1949), they formed a partnership in London (1950). As members of Team X (10)...

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Architectural Review

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1896– )

Originally a periodical largely concerned with the aesthetics of British Arts and Crafts architecture, the London‐based Architectural Review (AR) later became a...

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Brutalism

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

A term coined in England in 1954 to describe the architecture of Le Corbusier at Marseilles and Chandigarh, it is characterized by its use of concrete exposed at its roughest (béton brut),...

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Charles Alexander Jencks

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(1939– ).

American architect, architectural critic, and historian. His works include many studies in which he defined a range of categories and terms, including Abstract...

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Independent Group

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

A group of artists formed in the early 1950s at the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London and first convened to hold exploratory meetings to discuss techniques. Its members included...

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Jane Jacobs

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(1916–2006).

American city planner and critic. Believing cities provide the foundation for civilization, she made her name with The Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961),...

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Neo-Liberty

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

The term used by Italian and foreign critics—and sometimes in a derogatory manner—to refer to a renewed interest on the part of Italian architects of the 1950s in references to ...

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Neo-Rationalism

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Italian movement, also called Tendenza, of the 1960s and 1970s. Opposed to the dogmas of International Modernism and to the prevalent tendency to treat architecture only as a...

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preservation

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Protection of food from deterioration by micro-organisms, enzymes, and oxidation: by cooling, destroying the micro-organisms and enzymes by heat treatment or irradiation, reducing their...

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Roberto Gabetti

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(1925–2000).

Italian architect. In partnership with Aimaro Oreglia d'Isola (1928– ), he designed the influential Borsa Valori (1953) and Bottega d'Erasmo (1953–6), both in Turin....

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Vittorio Vigano

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(1919–1996)

The work of this Italian architect and product designer proved influential in the decades immediately following the Second World War. He participated in the important...

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