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Menachem Begin

(1913—1992) Israeli statesman, Prime Minister 1977–83

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Anders' Army

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Popular name given to the 2nd Polish Corps which fought in the Italian campaign under the command of General Władysław Anders (1892–1970).

After the German attack on the Soviet...

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Anwar Sadat

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Social Sciences.

Born to a modest peasant family, Anwar Sadat (1918–1981) rose through the army to play a prominent part in Egyptian political life, first as a key figure in the anti-British ...

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Ariel Sharon

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1928– )

Israeli soldier and statesman; Prime Minister (2001–06). He served in the Israeli army from the foundation of the state until 1973, playing a central role in the Yom...

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Camp David Accords

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — History.

(1978)

A Middle East peace agreement. It was named after the official country house of the US President in Maryland, where President Carter met President Sadat of Egypt and Prime...

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David Ben-Gurion

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Politics.

(b. 16 Oct. 1886, d. 1 Dec. 1973).

Prime Minister of Israel 1948–53, 1955–63 Born David Gruen at Plonsk, in Russian Poland, he became a Zionist and emigrated to Palestine in 1906....

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Irgun

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

An underground Zionist organization founded in 1931, supported largely by the non‐socialist elements among the Jewish settlers in Palestine. Originally aimed at Palestinian Arabs, from 1939...

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Jimmy Carter

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

1924– )

US Democratic statesman and thirty-ninth president of the USA (1977–81).

Carter was born in Plains, Georgia, the son of a peanut farmer and warehouser. Having...

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Labour Party, Israel

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

Israel's major progressive party on the left, created in 1968 from the merger of the Mapai Party with two smaller socialist parties. It combined Zionism with socialism, through the...

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Likud (‘Union’), Israel

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

An alliance of a number of right-wing parties which was established in 1973, and grew into a cohesive movement by 1977. Led then by Begin, its victory in that year produced a major...

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Moshe Dayan

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 20 May 1915, d. 16 Oct. 1981).

Israeli general and Minister of Defence, 1967–74 Born in Kibbutz Degania, he studied at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he joined the...

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