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Būyids

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Abbasid

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Religion.

A member of a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258, named after Abbas (566–652), the prophet Muhammad's uncle and founder of the dynasty.

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arts of the Book

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

The arts of the book were of extraordinary importance throughout the Islamic lands because of the primacy Islam accorded the written word. The Islamic world inherited earlier traditions of...

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Ghaznavid

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A Turkish dynasty whose founder, Sebuktegin, was appointed governor of Khurasan by the Persian Samanids and established his own power in Ghazna, Afghanistan, in 962. His successors extended...

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Ḥamdānids

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Arab nomadic Shii clan that undermined Abbasid rule from Mesopotamia (905–991). Its influence eventually extended from Mosul to Baghdad, westward to northern Syria, and northward into...

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Islamic empire

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

During the MA several Islamic dynasties established empires. Major empires included those of the Umayyads, Abbasids, Seljuks, Ayyubids, Almoravids, Mongols, and Mamluks, although other...

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Saljuq

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Architecture.

The Saljuqs of central Asia converted to Islam in c.1037. One branch of the tribe ruled over Iran, Iraq, and Syria, from 1038 to 1194; the other, known as the ...

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Sāmānids

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A dynasty of emirs, autonomous but respectful of the Abbasid caliph of Baghdad, who reigned at first in Transoxiana from 874, then also in Khurāsān from 900. Descendants of a ...

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Seljuk

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A Turkish dynasty that ruled Asia Minor in the 11th–13th centuries, successfully invading the Byzantine Empire and defending the Holy Land against the Crusaders.

See overview in Oxford Index