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buttress

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abamurus

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Buttress or reinforcing wall.

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anteris

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(pl. anterides).

1 Buttress, counter-fort, erisma, sperone, or spur supporting or strengthening a wall.

2 Type of anta or pilaster, called speronenull...

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Anthemios of Tralles

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(fl. first half of C6).

Greek mathematician and theorist, celebrated for the Church of Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (532–7). He was commissioned by Emperor Justinian (527–65) to...

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arch-buttant

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

As arch-buttress.

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Babylonian architecture

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Mesopotamian architecture c. 4000–1250 bc. Early inhabitants of the region were the Sumerians, who, as early as the fourth millennium, had evolved a sophisticated architecture using brick,...

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Baldassare Longhena

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

 (1596/9–1682) Italian architect.

From a prolific career as the architect of the city of Venice for 45 years, three works can be singled out.

Santa Maria della Salute...

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bay

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

[Ge]

Structural division in the length of a building or roof. The unit within a building between a pair of piers or buttresses; the division of a roof marked by its main trusses.

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bow

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Part of a wall projecting from its face, a partial ellipse, semicircle, or segment on plan, usually with a window set in it or extending the full width, known as a bow- or co...

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Charles Francis Annesley Voysey

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

 (1857–1941) English architect and designer.

Voysey was articled to the Gothic Revivalist J. P. Seddon in 1874 and worked for George Devey, a domestic architect specializing in the...

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Charles Nicholson

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(1867–1949). English architect. He was articled to Sedding, after whose death he continued to practise with Henry Wilson. In 1893 he set up on his own and in 1895 was joined by the...

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cheek

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Narrow vertical face, usually one of two corresponding opposite faces, as in the sides of an opening or of a projection (e.g. a buttress, dormer-window, or chimney-breast).

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clamp

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Large mass of dried bricks or limestone arranged for burning.

2 Metal bar for binding together stones in a building.

3 Timber...

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Commissioners' churches

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Following the Napoleonic Wars, it was feared that England might suffer upheavals similar to those of France, and, faced with irreligion, Nonconformity, and an increasing population (much of...

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counter-arch

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Arch opposing another arch's outward force, the principle of a flying buttress.

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counter-fort

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Buttress or other projection (e.g. spur-wall or pier), built against a wall in order to prevent it from moving or bulging.

2 Sconce.

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crinkle-crankle

Overview page. Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden — Architecture.

Garden-wall, usually aligned east–west so that one side faces south, on a plan of elongated S-shaped curves joined in a continuous ribbon or serpentine form that stiffens the wall, enabling...

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crown

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Head of any part of a building, especially of an arch or vault (including the keystone and about the middle third of the arc), called crown of an arch, and embracing both int...

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crown-steeple

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Spirelet on a tower carried on flying buttresses, looking like a crown.

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curtain wall

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Part of a straight wall constructed between two advancing structures, such as bastions, buttresses, or piers. In a fortification it is the weakest element, and in a church it...

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drift

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Thrust or outward pressure of an arch or vault requiring the counter-thrust of a buttress.

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