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James Callaghan

(1912—2005) prime minister

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Anthony Crosland

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Politics.

(1918–77)

British Labour politician and socialist theorist. C. A. R. (Tony) Crosland's The Future of Socialism (1956) was a revisionist critique of socialism which had an important...

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Barbara Castle

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 6 Oct. 1910, d. 3 May 2002).

British Secretary of State for Employment (1968–70) Born in Bradford, she was educated at Bradford Girls' Grammar School, and Oxford. In the 1930s,...

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David Owen

Overview page. Subjects: History — Politics.

(b. 1938).

Former leader of the Social Democratic Party (SDP). After qualifying as a doctor Owen entered politics as a Labour MP. He rose swiftly, becoming foreign secretary in...

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David Steel

Overview page. Subjects: History — Politics.

(b. 1938).

Politician. Son of a minister of the Church of Scotland, Steel was born in Kirkcaldy and studied law at the University of Edinburgh. In 1965, at the age of 27, he was...

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Denis Healey

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

(1917– )

British politician, deputy leader of the Labour Party (1980–83). He was created a life peer in 1992.

Healey served in the army in World War II and was then...

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Edward Watson Short

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

(b. Westmorland, 17 Dec. 1912)

British; Lord President of the Council and leader of the House of Commons 1974–6, deputy leader of the Labour Party 1972–6; Baron (life peer, Lord...

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Harold Wilson

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(1916–1995)

British politician and Labour prime minister (1964–70; 1974–76), noted for his tactical skills in maintaining positive government with a very small majority. He was...

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Helmut Schmidt

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Politics.

(b. 23 Dec. 1918).

Chancellor of Germany 1974–82

Early career

Born in Hamburg, he was a conscript and then an officer during World War II. Schmidt joined the SPD...

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John Major

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1943– )

British Conservative politician; prime minister (1990–97).

The son of a music-hall performer turned designer of garden ornaments, Major was born and brought up in...

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Labour Party

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

Labour has been the principal progressive alternative to the Conservative Party since the 1920s, forming governments in 1924, 1929–31, 1945–51, 1964–70, 1974–9, and 1997. The Labour...

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