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abacus

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Art.

[Ar]

The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom of the entablature. The abacus resembles in form the flat slab on...

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Acanthus

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

(family Acanthaceae)

A genus of shrubs and perennial herbs, most of which are xeromorphic and have spiny leaves. Some species are cultivated as ornamentals. The upper lip of the...

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acanthus

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Architecture.

A conventionalized representation of the leaf of this plant is used especially as a decoration for Corinthian column capitals. The term in this sense dates from the mid 18th century; the...

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Achaemenian

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Period in Persian architecture from the time of Cyrus the Great (d. 529 bc) until the death of Darius (330 bc). Its most elaborate buildings include the vast palace complex at Persepolis...

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Aeolic Capital

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Primitive type of Ionic capital with volutes seeming to grow from the shaft, and a palmette between the volutes.

Two types of proto-Ionic capital:(left) from Larissa; (right) from...

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Agricultural Order

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Type of Corinthian capital with volutes replaced by representations of animal-heads, acanthus-leaves replaced by those of mangel-wurzel and turnip, and other allusions to agriculture.

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Alexander Thomson

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

 (1817–75) Scottish architect.

The brightest of Scotland’s Victorian constellation of classical designers, Thomson was Scotland’s equivalent to the impassioned and individualistic...

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American Order

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Capital resembling that of the Corinthian Order with the acanthus leaves replaced by corn-cobs, corn-ears, and tobacco-leaves, invented by Latrobe for the United States Capitol in...

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Ammonite Order

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Type of capital similar to the Ionic Order, first used 1788–9, according to some authorities, by George Dance, jun., on Alderman John Boydell's (1719–1804) Shakespeare Gallery, No. 52 Pall...

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anchor

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Misnomer for the arrow-head, dart, or tongue-like ornament alternating with the egg-like form enriching e.g. the ovolo moulding or the echinus of the Ionic capital.

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