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Carteret, John, 2nd Baron Carteret, 1st Earl Granville

(1690—1763) politician

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broad-bottom administration

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

Was the facetious name given to the coalition formed in December 1744, at the expense of Carteret and Pulteney. Henry Pelham, his brother Newcastle and Lord Hardwicke were joined by ...

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Earl of Chatham William Pitt

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Warfare and Defence.

(1708–78),

known as Pitt the Elder. In 1735 Pitt launched his belligerent political career by insulting King George II over his son's marriage and was dismissed from the army...

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George II

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

[Na]

British monarch from ad 1727, of the House of Hanover. Born 1683, son of George I. Married Caroline, daughter of John Frederick, margrave of Brandenburg‐Anspach. He died in...

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Henry Pelham

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(1696–1754)

British Whig statesman, Prime Minister (1743–54). After serving in Sir Robert Walpole's Cabinet from 1721 onwards, he replaced him as Premier, and introduced a period...

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Lord Orford Robert Walpole

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(1676–1745).

Traditionally known as Britain's first prime minister. From a Norfolk gentry family, Walpole was the Whig MP for Castle Rising (1701–2) and King's Lynn (1702–12,...

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1st duke of Newcastle, Thomas Pelham-Holles

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(1693–1768)

British Whig statesman, Prime Minister (1754–56; 1757–62). Newcastle succeeded his brother Henry Pelham as Prime Minister on the latter's death in 1754. During his...

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1st duke of Roxburgh, John Ker

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

[S] (c. 1680–1741).

Ker succeeded his brother as earl of Roxburgh at the age of 16. When in his twenties he was secretary of state [S] 1704–5, along with Tweeddale. ...

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treaty of Worms

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

1743.

In an attempt to gain the balance in the War of the Austrian Succession, Lord Carteret persuaded Maria Theresa and George II to sign the treaty of Worms with Charles Emmanuel...

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