Overview

Central Asia

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Afghanistan

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A mountainous and landlocked country in south‐central Asia, bounded on the west by Iran, on the south and east by Pakistan, on the east by China, and on the north by Turkmenistan,...

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Azerbaijan

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

Oil and gas-rich Azerbaijan has high levels of poverty and a dynastic political succession

Around half of Azerbaijan comprises the central lowland area through which flow the two...

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Basmachis

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Bandit. Term applied by the Soviets to their Muslim opponents active in Central Asia between the Russian revolution and the 1930s. Basmachis included disparate groups of people who did not...

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Bukhara

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

Centre of carpet production in Uzbekihstan. The oasis that eventually grew into the city of Bukhara has been a centre of textile production since the 6th century ad. Bukhara was ...

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Bukhara Khanate

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

A Central Asian state that existed from circa 1500 to 1920. Ousting the Timurids, Uzbeks formed a decentralized polity based in several cities including Bukhara, Samarqand, and Tashkent....

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Bundzhikat

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

Site near the town of Shakhristan (Shahristan) in northern Tajikistan. Capital of the medieval state of Ustrushana, which occupied the region between the Syr River and the Hisar Range, and...

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Commonwealth of Independent States

Overview page. Subjects: History — Politics.

(CIS)

A confederation of independent states, formerly among the constituent republics of the Soviet Union, established in 1991 following a summit in the Belorussian city of Brest...

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Great Game

Overview page.

One of the more remarkable aspects of the British Empire was its inherent fragility. Throughout the nineteenth century, British politicians, soldiers, and diplomats feared the intervention...

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jade

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A hard, typically green stone used for ornaments and implements and consisting of the minerals jadeite or nephrite. The word is recorded from the late 16th century, and comes via French...

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Kazakhstan

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

A country of western central Asia, stretching for some 3200 km (2000 miles) from the Caspian Sea to Xinjiang. It is bounded by China on the east, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan on the south, the...

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