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chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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AECOPD

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

acute exacerbation of COPD (see chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

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blue bloater

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

The characteristic appearance of a patient suffering from heart failure as a result of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, marked by cyanosis, oedema, and breathlessness at rest. The...

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bronchitis

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. inflammation of the bronchi (see bronchus). Acute bronchitis is caused by viruses or bacteria and is characterized by coughing, the production of mucopurulent sputum, and...

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chronic bronchitis

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

Long-term or permanent cough with sputum indicative of inflammatory changes in the respiratory tract and often breathlessness. The condition is an outcome of chronic exposure to respiratory...

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desmosine

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Medicine and Health.

An intramolecular crosslinking amino acid found in elastin (very similar to isodesmosine) formed from four side chains of lysine. Urinary desmosine and isodesmosine may be a marker of lung...

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dyspnoea

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Difficulty with breathing. There can be various underlying causes, some of which are reversible. Four major disease groups may cause dyspnoea: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),...

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emphysema

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in which there is a loss of elasticity in the lung tissue. It may be a result of excessive leucocyte elastase activity because α1-antiprotease, which...

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GOLD

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

(Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) a body that works with health-care professionals and public health officials around the world to raise awareness of chronic...

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Nippy

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

(nip-i)

trade name for a brand of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilator that delivers air through a close-fitting nasal mask (see noninvasive ventilation).

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respiratory disorders

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

The gaseous exchange surface of the lung is exposed to many environmental insults and several respiratory disease are a result of inflammation induced by allergens (generically,...

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