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Chrysostom, Pseudo-

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All Saints' Day

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

The feast, now kept in the W. on 1 Nov., to celebrate all Christian saints, known or unknown. It was apparently originally kept on the first Sunday after Pentecost, as it still is in the E....

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Ambrogio Traversari

Overview page. Subjects: History by Period.

(1386–1439)

Among the great Italian Humanists of the Quattrocento, a particular place belongs to Ambrogio Traversari. He is interesting not just as a lover of classical studies,...

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Antiochene theology

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

A modern designation for a style of theology associated with the Church at Antioch, contrasted with Alexandrine theology. In scriptural exegesis it placed more emphasis on the literal and...

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Areopagus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(in ancient Athens) a hill on which was sited the highest governmental council and later a judicial court. The name comes from Greek Areios pagos ‘hill of Ares’; the name for the site came...

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Atticus

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. 425), Patr. of Constantinople from 406.

Though a bitter opponent of St John Chrysostom, he realized that the quarrel with Rome over Chrysostom's condemnation weakened the...

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Babylas

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. c.250),

bishop of Antioch and martyr. Few details are known about him, although he is reckoned to be Antioch's most famous early bishop after Ignatius. According to John...

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Basil, Liturgy of St

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

This liturgy exists in two forms, of which the earlier and shorter is the ordinary liturgy of the Coptic Church. This form has served as a model for modern Eucharistic Prayers, notably the...

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Bernard de Montfaucon

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography — Christianity.

(1655–1741),

one of the foremost Maurist patristic scholars. After embarking on a military career he joined the Maurist Benedictine congregation in 1676. He produced splendid...

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chalice

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

A chalice is the emblem of St Richard of Chichester (1197–1253), who is said once to have dropped the chalice at Mass without the wine being spilt, St Hugh of Lincoln, and other saints.

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Christmas

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

The commemoration of Christ's nativity. The earliest mention of its being celebrated on 25 Dec. is in the Philocalian Calendar, which represents Roman practice in 336. The date was probably...

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