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Cleomenes I

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Agiads

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

The Agiads were the senior royal house at Sparta, descended mythically from the elder of Heraclid twins (Herodotus 6. 52; see Heracles); the junior was known as the Eurypontids. The ...

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Alcmaeonidae

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

A noble Athenian family prominent in politics. Its first eminent member was Megacles, who as archon (see archontes), perhaps in 632/1 bc, involved it in a hereditary curse (see Cylon). ...

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alcoholism

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Arts and Humanities.

n. the syndrome due to physical dependence on alcohol, such that sudden deprivation may cause withdrawal symptoms – tremor, anxiety, hallucinations, and delusions (see delirium...

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Arcadian League

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Common ethnic identity led to Arcadian federation (see federal states), particularly in the 4th cent. bc. The coin-legend Arkadikon suggests federal ambitions in the 5th cent. bc, and the...

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Argos

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Architecture.

A city in the NE Peloponnese of Greece. One of the oldest cities of ancient Greece, it dominated the Peloponnese and the western Aegean in the 7th century bc. Argive, a citizen of Argos, is...

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Cleisthenes

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Athenian politician, of the Alcmaeonid family, son of Megacles and Agaristē, daughter of Cleisthenes 1 of Sicyon. He was archon (see archontes) under the tyrant Hippias 1 in 525/4 bc, but...

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Dēmarātus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Eurypontid king of Sparta (reigned c.515–491 bc). He twice obstructed his Agiad co‐king Cleomenes I. Dethroned on a false charge of illegitimacy manipulated through Delphi by Cleomenes, he...

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Dorieus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

‘the Dorian’, royal Spartan, a younger half-brother of Cleomenes (1) I by their polygamous father's first wife. Jealousy, ambition, and disaffection prompted him to lead a colonizing...

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Hippias

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Tyrant (see tyranny) of Athens 527–510 bc, elder son and successor of Pisistratus, in close association with his brother Hipparchus 1. His rule was at first mild. Leading aristocrats held...

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Leonidas

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — World History.

(died 480 bc)

King of Sparta. He won immortal fame when he commanded a Greek force against the invading Persian army at the pass of Thermopylae. He held the pass long enough to...

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