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climax community

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climax forest

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

A forest community that represents the final stage (climax community) of natural forest succession for its environment.

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climax theory

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

A theory that embraces the idea of successional development to an optimum sustainable vegetation community that is in equilibrium with its environment. Two conceptual models of climax...

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climax vegetation

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

If a bare surface becomes available for colonization by plants, the vegetation will pass through a succession of so-called seral stages as more complex communities replace the earlier,...

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences — Earth Sciences and Geography.

Generally, any grouping of populations of different organisms that are found living together in a particular environment; essentially, the biotic component of an ecosystem. The organisms...

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consocies

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

A little used term, derived from the Clementsian scheme for vegetation classification, that refers to a seral community in the succession to a climax community with consociation status. See...

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diversity

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

The species-richness of a community or area. The concept provides a more useful measure of community characteristics when it is combined with an assessment of the relative abundance of...

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fire climax

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

(pyroclimax)

A climax community for which fire is the dominating control factor, as in the long-leaf pine forests of the USA. Fire is also thought to be an important determining...

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Frederic Edward Clements

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

(1874–1945)

An American botanist and ecologist whose Research Methods in Ecology (1905) was the first work to deal fully with field experiments. Clements maintained that a plant...

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habitat type

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

An area of land that is capable of supporting a particular climax plant association.

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native pasture

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

Land that is used for grazing, on which the climax plant community is forest, but which is used and managed primarily to produce native or naturalized plants for forage.

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