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banknote

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services.

Paper money issued by a bank. The issue of notes in most countries is either entirely confined to or subject to strict control by the central bank. A bank note was originally a promise to...

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Caradosso

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

(b Mondonico, nr Pavia, c. 1452; d between 6 Dec 1526 and 1 April 1527).

Italian goldsmith, coin- and gem-engraver, jeweller, medallist and dealer. Son of the goldsmith Gian Maffeo...

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cash

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Literally, notes and coin; the word cash is used in economics mostly as a synonym for money in general. See also cash discount; cash flow; cash limits; cash ratio.

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counterspells

Overview page.

Some traditional measures against witchcraft were general defences, e.g. horseshoes, hagstones, various plants hung at the door, the sign of the cross, a bent coin laid in the churn, etc....

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Cyprus

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A bitterly divided island that has rejected an opportunity for reunification

The island of Cyprus has two main mountain ranges. The Kyrenian Mountains extend along the northern...

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Etruscans

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Historically and artistically the most important of the indigenous peoples of pre‐Roman Italy, and acc. to Porcius Cato 1 the masters of nearly all of it—a claim confirmed by archaeology...

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follis

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(φόλλις), a Latin word originally meaning a purse and applied to bags of coins of any metal of determined value. This remained its meaning until the end of the 4th ...

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François Briot

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

(c.1550–c.1612),

French metalworker, born in Damblain (Lorraine); he was a Huguenot, and in 1579 fled to the Protestant sanctuary of Montbéliard (a fiefdom of the duchy of...

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Giovanni Villani

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(c.1276–1348),

Italian merchant banker and chronicler, born in Florence, the son of Villano di Stoldo, whom he followed into commerce. In the early years of the fourteenth century...

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gold

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

[Ma]

A yellow malleable ductile high‐density metallic element (Au) that is resistant to chemical reaction. It was the most highly prized metal used in antiquity and, along with...

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