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dhyāni-Buddhas

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Skt.). ‘Meditation Buddhas’, in the sense of Buddhas seen in meditation or used as a subject of meditation practice. It is a generally obsolete term invented and formerly used by Western...

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Fudō

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Jap., ‘immoveable’).

One of the deities, in Japanese Buddhism and folk-religion, who protects Buddhism and its true adherents, or simply, those who appeal to him. These protective...

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gobutsu

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Jap.). In Japanese esoteric Buddhism.these are the ‘five Buddhas’ who occupy the centre of the maṇḍala. Although the contents of the two fundamental maṇḍalas—the Womb-treasury maṇḍala and...

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Japanese Buddhas

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

In the esoteric sects of Buddhism (see Japanese Buddhism, Buddhism) such as the Shingon (see Shingon sect), the deities of Shinto (see Shinto entries), the kami (see Kami), are...

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Japanese Buddhism

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

Buddhism in Japan takes several forms but is particularly marked by a tendency toward the esoteric. The religion came into Japan during the fifth and sixth centuries c.e. in connection ...

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Kami

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Jap.). Objects of prayers and offerings and the subjects of mythology in the Japanese Shintō religion. In some senses they are analogous to the gods of ancient Greco-Roman or Nordic...

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Nyorai

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Jap.; Skt., tathāgata).

Synonym of Buddha and one of his ten titles. The original Skt., Tathāgata, can be analysed as ‘coming’ (āgata) from ‘suchness’ (tathā) or ‘going’ (gata) to...

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Shingon sect

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

The ‘esoteric’ school of Japanese Buddhism (see Esoteric Buddhism) founded by Kūkai (774–834). Kūkai had become convinced that esoteric practice, which bypassed the necessity of strenuous...

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Vairocana

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Skt.). ‘Illuminator’, one of the five Jinas. Normally depicted iconographically as a white saṃbhoga-kāya Buddha associated with the centre or sometimes the eastern quarter. He is also...

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