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Dardanelles

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al- Suhrawardī

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Shihāb al-Dīn al-Suhrawardī (1155–1192)was an Iranianphilosopher who was born in the village of Suhraward in northwestern Iran. Educated in Marāgheh and Isfahan, he traveled in Iran,...

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Asia Minor

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Classical Studies.

The term ‘Asia Minor’ denotes the westernmost part of the Asian continent, equivalent to modern Turkey between the Aegean and the Euphrates. The west and south coastal fringes were part of...

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Chanak crisis

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

September–October 1922.

Turkish nationalists under Mustapha Kemal were unhappy about the loss of territory to Greece under the Sèvres treaty of 1920. They expelled the Greeks from...

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Constantinople Agreement

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(Mar.–Apr. 1915)

A number of secret assurances given by Britain and France. In their concern to prevent Russia from concluding a separate peace with Germany, they promised that...

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Europe

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

The name originally stood for central Greece. It was soon extended to the whole Greek mainland and by 500 bc to the entire land mass behind it. The boundary between the European continent...

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Gallipoli

Overview page.

Peninsula and port in w Turkey, on the European side of the Dardanelles. Colonized by the Ancient Greeks, it has been of strategic importance in the defence of Istanbul (Constantinople). ...

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Gallipoli

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

A major campaign of the First World War which took place on the Gallipoli peninsula, on the European side of the Dardanelles, in 1915–16.

In early 1915, after a naval attempt to...

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Kemal Atatürk

Overview page. Subjects: History.

(1881–1938)

Turkish general and statesman, President (1923–38). Leader of the postwar Turkish Nationalist Party, he was elected President of a provisional government in 1920. With...

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Montreux Convention

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(20 July 1936)

Following Turkish fears that Mussolini was seeking to use Italy's bases in the Dodecanese to extend its colonies in Asia Minor, an international conference was held...

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Ottoman Empire

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

The Muslim empire of the Turks (1299–1922), established in northern Anatolia by Osman I and expanded by his successors to include all of Asia Minor and much of south-east Europe. Ottoman...

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