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diabetes

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acetone

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A colorless, volatile liquid with a characteristic odor, formed by denaturation of fats. It is produced as an abnormal metabolic product in diabetes, starvation, etc., and used industrially...

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alloxan

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A toxic glucose analogue that will destroy pancreatic beta cells in experimental animals, producing a model for studying type 1 diabetes.

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aquaporins

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Genetics and Genomics.

n. any of a class of proteins that function as transmembrane water channels. Genetic mutations of aquaporin 2 (AQP-2) are responsible for some distinct forms of nephrogenic...

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autoimmune disease

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A heterogeneous group of diseases, some of obscure etiology, including rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis, characterized by development of antibodies that attack the host's cells...

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biguanide

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. one of the group of drugs including metformin, which is used to treat noninsulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus. Biguanides are oral hypoglycaemic drugs: they act by...

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blindness

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. the inability to see. Lack of all light perception constitutes total blindness but there are degrees of visual impairment far less severe than this that may be classed as...

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blood sugar

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

The concentration of glucose in the blood, normally expressed in millimoles per litre. The normal range is 3.5–5.5 mmol/l. Blood-sugar estimation is an important investigation in a variety...

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burning mouth syndrome

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry.

A condition characterized by a burning sensation (dysaesthesia) which may affect the tongue (glossodynia), lips, or hard palate. The sensation may be present on waking and can get more...

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CTLA-4

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A transmembrane protein (CD152, 223 aa) of the immunoglobulin superfamily, found on activated T cells and similar to the T-cell costimulatory CD28. Both CTLA-4 and CD28 bind to B7-1 (CD80)...

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DDAVP

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A synthetic analogue (deamino-8-d-arginine vasopressin) of the natural pituitary hormone 8-arginine vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone, ADH), used in management of diabetes insipidus and...

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