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disinfectant

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antiseptic

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. a chemical that destroys or inhibits the growth of disease-causing bacteria and other microorganisms and is sufficiently nontoxic to be applied to the skin or mucous...

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bactericidal

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Medicine and Health.

adj. being capable of killing bacteria. Substances with this property include antibiotics, antiseptics, and disinfectants; they are known as bactericides. Compare bacteriostati...

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detergent

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

n. a synthetic cleansing agent that removes all impurities from a surface by reacting with grease and suspended particles, including bacteria and other microorganisms....

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disinfection

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry.

(dis-in-fek-shŏn)

the process of eliminating infective microorganisms from contaminated instruments, skin, clothing, or surroundings by the use of physical means or chemicals...

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formaldehyde

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A compound with fixative and antibacterial properties. As a histological fixative it needs to be well buffered, otherwise it will cause excessive crosslinking and denaturation of proteins....

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germicide

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Environmental Science.

n. an agent that destroys microorganisms, particularly those causing disease. see antibiotic, antifungal, antiseptic, disinfectant.

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gluteraldehyde

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry.

A germicidal disinfectant used for the cold sterilization of instruments. Safer substitutes are now used in dentistry because of the risk of skin or respiratory system sensitization to both...

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ozonation

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

The formation of ozone (O3) in the earth's atmosphere. In the stratosphere, about 20–50 km above the surface of the earth, oxygen molecules (O2) dissociate into their constituent atoms...

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phenol

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Medicine and Health.

(carbolic acid) n. a strong disinfectant. Derivatives of phenol (phenolics) may be used for disinfecting the skin before surgery. Oily phenol is administered by injection for sclerotherapy...

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sanitizer

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

A substance that significantly reduces the bacterial population in the inanimate environment but does not destroy or eliminate all microorganisms. Compare disinfectant, sterilant.

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sheep dip

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

A liquid disinfectant and insecticide in which sheep are immersed to protect them from pests and diseases.

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silver nitrate

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A salt of silver with astringent, caustic, and disinfectant properties. Available as a stick, it is used to destroy warts. Application discolours the skin bluish-black. Trade name: AVOCA.

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sterilant

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

A substance that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life in the inanimate environment, including bacteria, bacterial spores, fungi, fungal spores, and viruses. Compare...

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sterilization

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry.

The process by which all types of micro-organisms are destroyed. Autoclave sterilization, utilizing both steam and pressure, is the most effective method for routine clinical dental...

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