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al- Hākim

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(985–1021)

Al-Hākim b. Amr Allāh Abū ʼAlī al-Mansūr, born at Cairo, became the sixth Fātimid caliph in 996 on the death of his father, al-ʼAzīz. Young, opposed to his Christian ...

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Amin Jumayyil

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 1942).

President of Lebanon 1982–8 He was born in Beirut into a Maronite Christian family; his father, Pierre Jumayyil (b. 1905, d. 1984), was one of Lebanon's most prominent...

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Beirut

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Ancient Phoenician city, a bishopric by the late 4th century, it also had a famous law school. Damaged by earthquake in 551, the city was captured by the Arabs in ...

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Darazī

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

A founder of the Druzes, when he recognized the Khalīfa al-Ḥākim as the incarnation of the universal reason (or Logos) which had first been bestowed on Adam, and had then ...

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Ḥamza b. ʿAlī b. Aḥmad

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

A founder of the Druze movement, the details of whose life are uncertain. He lived in the 5th cent. ah (11th cent. ce). He is regarded by the Druzes as ...

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Hidden Imām

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Twelver Shii doctrine holds that the twelfth imam (in this usage meaning a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad through his cousin Ali and his daughter Fatimah) did not die but went into a...

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Ismailis

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

A major Shii Muslim community. Currently number several million and are scattered as Muslim minorities in some twenty-five countries of Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Europe, and North...

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Kamal Jumblatt

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Kamal Jumblatt (Kamāl Junblāṭ, 1917–1977)was a Lebanesepolitician, traditional Druze chieftain, leader and ideologue of the Left. Born in the mountain village of al-Mukhtārah, Jumblatt...

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Lebanon

Overview page. Subjects: History by Period.

An ethnically homogeneous country which for centuries has suffered from divisions and enmity between its various religious groups.

Before independence (1918–43)

A part of...

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Maronites

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A member of a Christian sect of Syrian origin, living chiefly in Lebanon and in communion with the Roman Catholic Church. The name comes ultimately from the name of John Maro, a 7th-century...

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