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emollient

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camphor

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

(kam-fer)

a crystalline aromatic substance obtained from the tree Cinnamomum camphora. It is used in liniments, creams, and sprays as a counterirritant and antipruritic.

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cream

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. a preparation for use on the skin consisting of an emulsion of oil in water, which may or may not contain medication. It rubs into the skin easily and contains...

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eczema

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Medicine.

An inflammatory skin condition usually due to immune hypersensitivity to food or environmental allergens.

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evening primrose oil

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

Oil pressed from the seeds of the evening primrose plant (Oenothera biennis), which has been used medicinally for centuries. The oil is rich in the polyunsaturated fatty acid linoleic acid (null...

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glycerin

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

(glis-er-in)

a clear viscous liquid obtained by hydrolysis of fats and mixed oils and produced as a by-product in the manufacture of soap. It is used as an emollient in many skin...

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lanolin

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Medicine and Health.

An emulsion of purified wool fat in water, containing cholesterol and certain terpene alcohols and esters. It is used in cosmetics.

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ointment

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A greasy substance which may or may not contain medication for use as a lubricant or as a topical application to the skin or mucous membrane.

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psoriasis

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A chronic inflammatory skin disease in which there is epidermal hyperplasia in areas of variable extent; it may also be associated with severe arthritis. There is T-cell involvement and a...

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soya oil

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

An edible oil obtained from the seeds of the soybean plant and valued for its high content of linoleic acid. The composition is typically as follows: 18:2 ω6, 44–62%; 18:3 ω3, 4–11%; 18:1...

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urea

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Science and Mathematics.

A nitrogenous end product of protein metabolism excreted in the urine. In some renal and metabolic diseases and circulatory failure, urea accumulates in the blood and can cause uremia.

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