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entablature

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abacus

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Art.

[Ar]

The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom of the entablature. The abacus resembles in form the flat slab on...

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abuse

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Violation of established uses in Classical architecture.

2 Corruption of form. Abuses according to Palladio included brackets, consoles, or modillions...

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aedicule

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Art.

(pl. aedicules, aediculae).

1 Shrine or sacellum within a temple cella, either a large niche or a pedestal supporting two or more columns carrying an entablature and...

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Andrea Palladio

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(1508–80).

One of the most gifted, professional, and intelligent of architects working in Italy in C16, whose work provided the models for the Palladian style (Palladianism) and...

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Antonio Niccolini

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

 (1772–1850) Italian architect.

His enlargement of the Villa Floridiana, near Naples (1817–19), is a rather derivative combination of the villas of Palladio and the English...

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arch Order

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Engaged columns, bases, pedestals, and entablature attached to an arcuated structure as in a triumphal arch, or a series of superimposed Orders and arches as in the Roman...

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architrave

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Art.

The lowest of the three main parts of an entablature that rests on the abacus of a column. The term is used more loosely to describe the moulded frame that surrounds a door or window. It...

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architrave cornice

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Entablature (usually of the Ionic Order) with no frieze.

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atlas

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Art.

(pl. atlantes)

A sculpted male figure functioning as a column or other supporting feature in architecture, particularly popular in the Baroque period. In Greek mythology, Atlas was...

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attic

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Art.

A room inside or partly inside the roof of a building. The architectural term originated in the late 17th century, meaning a small Order (column or entablature) above a taller one. When...

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