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Cappadocia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

An ancient region of central Asia Minor, between Lake Tuz and the Euphrates, north of Cilicia. It was an important centre of early Christianity.

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Carthusian

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A monk or nun of an austere contemplative order founded by St Bruno in 1084. (See also Charterhouse.)

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charter, charter-room

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The term “charter”, in its meaning of a written document constituting a title, is derived from the Greek word kartè (Papyrus leaf). It has been in current use since Merovingian ...

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ÉOn of Stella

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A small nobleman from the region of Loudéac in Brittany, a semi-literate layman, Éon of Stella lived at first as a hermit in the forest of Paimpont. He broke with ...

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monastery of the Caves

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The monastery of the Caves (Kievo-Pečerskii monastyr') appears to be the first Kievan monastic Foundation not due to a lay initiative. So at least it is presented by the texts ...

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Montevergine

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

An abbey situated on the mountain of that name (1263 m.), near Avellino in Campania, whose name is attested from the 8th century.

Southern Italy in the 12th c. had ...

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Nilus of Rossano

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(c.910–1005),

abbot. Born of a Greek family settled in Calabria, he became an official of the treasury. Before he was thirty, he suffered the loss both of his mistress and of their...

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recluse

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A layperson or religious who has withdrawn from secular life, dedicating him- or herself to worshipping God. The term applies broadly to those who withdraw partially (for example, monks,...

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Saint-Claude

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

An important monastery, from the 5th to the 18th century. Its name comes from one of its abbots made famous by a pilgrimage; this name was transferred to the town ...

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Sufism

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

The mystical system of the Sufis, the esoteric dimension of the Islamic faith, the spiritual path to mystical union with God. It is influenced by other faiths, such as Buddhism, and reached...

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