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ex ante

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aggregate demand

Overview page. Subjects: Marketing.

The sum of demands for all the goods and services in an economy at any particular time. Made a central concept in macroeconomics by J. M. Keynes (1883–1946), it is usually defined as the...

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ante-date

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services.

To date a document before the date on which it is drawn up. This is not necessarily illegal or improper. For instance, an ante-dated cheque is not in law invalid. Compare post-date.

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disequilibrium

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

A situation in which planned economic actions cannot be carried out. Ex ante plans for spending and selling, or for producing and consuming, cannot be carried out if they are inconsistent...

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effective demand

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Ex ante spending, that is plans to purchase, by people with the means to pay. Effective demand is contrasted with notional demand, the demand that would exist if all markets were in...

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ex post

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Business and Management.

(Latin) Short for ex post facto: after the event.

This abbreviation is used, for example, to refer to the collection of financial data for transactions after they have been...

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IS curve

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

The locus of combinations of interest rate, r, and national income, Y, for which ex ante savings, S, and investment, I, are equal. The equality of ex ante savings and investment is a...

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paradox of thrift

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

The argument that a rise in the ex ante propensity to save, that is, the share of incomes that people want to save, may not increase the ex post level of savings and investment in the...

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warranted growth rate

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

The rate at which growth must occur in a Harrod–Domar model if it is to be sustainable. If national income is Y, saving is S, and investment is I, saving is assumed to be a constant...

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