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export-led growth

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Development and Underdevelopment

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

From its very beginning the science of economics has been preoccupied with economic development. But the theory of development as distinct from economic development came into vogue in the...

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Guatemala

Overview page. Subjects: History.

Guatemala endured 36 years of civil war. But the injustices that led to the war remain unresolved

Guatemala is one of the most picturesque countries in Central America. The...

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import substitution

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

A strategy for the industrialization of less developed countries (LDCs), of concentrating initially on replacing imports by domestically produced substitutes. This has the advantage that it...

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import-substitution industrialization

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

An economic strategy aimed at encouraging national industrial growth so as to reduce imports of manufactured goods. It was associated with the United Nations Commission for Latin America...

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newly industrializing country

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Science and Mathematics.

Countries (such as South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore) that have undergone major industrialization only in recent decades.

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Singapore

Overview page. Subjects: History.

An autocratic city-state that has become a leading manufacturing and financial centre

Singapore lies at the tip of the Malay peninsula, occupying the island of Singapore, along...

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South Korea

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A north-eastern Asian country. Consisting of the southern half of the Korean peninsula, mostly beneath the 38th parallel, South Korea was formed from the zone occupied by US forces after...

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structural adjustment

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences.

A package of policies associated with loans to Third World countries by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. There are three elements: stabilization (the control of inflation...

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Taiwan

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A country (not recognized by most other countries and not a member of the UN) comprising a large island and several much smaller ones off the south‐east coast of China.

Physical.

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Women and Development

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

The focus on women within the field of development was one outcome of the United Nations Decade for Women (1975–1986). But the origins of the Decade itself lie in the ...

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