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Gerard of Cremona

(1114—1187)

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Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al- Razi

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(d. ca. 925)

Persian scientist, physician, and Platonist philosopher, known in the West as Rhazes. Focused on expansion of empirical medical knowledge and practical procedures for...

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Alfred of Sareshel (Alfred Anglicus)

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

*Canon of Lichfield, belonged to the circle of Gerard of Cremona at the school for translators in Toledo. Around 1210 he translated from the Arabic the De vegetabilibus of Nicolaus ...

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Arabic medicine in the Latin West

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Medical texts had been written in Arabic in the Islamic world by Christian, Jewish, and Muslim doctors from the late 8th century onwards. The earliest translations of these medical works ...

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Avicenna

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

(980–1037),

Persian-born Islamic philosopher and physician; Arabic name ibn-Sina. His philosophical system, drawing on Aristotle but in many ways closer to Neoplatonism, was the...

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Farghani, Abu al-Abbas al- (Alfraganus)

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(c.820–after 861) Arab astronomer.

Born in Transoxania (now eastern Uzbekistan), he was affiliated with al-*Mamun’s House of Wisdom in Baghdad. In addition to books on the sundial...

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Galen

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

(129–199),

Greek physician. He attempted to systematize the whole of medicine, making important discoveries in anatomy and physiology. His works became influential in Europe when...

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geomancy

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

Divination from the configuration of a handful of earth or random dots.

The term is also used for the art of placing or arranging buildings or other sites auspiciously.

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Isaac Israeli

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(fl. c.955) A Jewish physician and philosopher, immigrant to middle North Africa, where he became court physician to the last Aghlabid emir and subsequently the first Fatimid caliph.

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Liber de Causis

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

A treatise, consisting largely of extracts from Proclus' ‘Elements of Theology’, put together in Arabic by an unknown Muslim philosopher c.850. Translated into Latin between 1167 and 1187,...

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lovesickness

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The belief that love can afflict the body and mind as an illness appears in medieval medical, philosophical, and literary texts in the Islamic world and in the Latin and ...

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