labelling theory

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affect control

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

The process, identified by Norbert Elias, whereby social constraints are brought to bear upon feelings, emotions, and associated behaviours. In the first volume of his The Civilizing...

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amplification of deviance

Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies.

A version of labelling theory explaining moral panics in terms of a negative feedback loop that spirals out of control when the strength of social condemnation of a criminal act leads to...

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Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

A radical critique of traditional (especially medical) approaches to mental disorders, influenced by existentialism and sociology, popularized by the Scottish psychiatrist Ronald D(avid)...

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Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

A patterned sequence of occupational roles through which individuals move over the course of a working life, implying increased prestige and other rewards, although not excluding downward...

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collective behaviour

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

Potentially a very wide-ranging field of study which deals with the ways in which collective behaviours emerge as responses to problematic circumstances and situations. At one extreme this...

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Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies — Social Sciences.

A philosophical (specifically epistemological) stance in phenomenological sociology in which social realities are seen as the product of sociohistorically situated practices rather than...

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Overview page. Subjects: Law — Sociology.


The study of crime. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field that combines aspects of legal theory and the substantive legal disciplines with approaches based on psychology,...

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degradation ceremony

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

Introduced by Harold Garfinkel in his article on ‘Conditions of Successful Degradation Ceremonies’ (American Journal of Sociology, 1956), the term degradation ceremony (or ‘status...

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Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences.

Behaviours, attitudes, and demeanours that differ significantly from the norms, standards, ethics, and expectations of society and are often classed as criminal or anti‐social.

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deviance amplification

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sociology.

Introduced by Leslie Wilkins in his book Social Deviance (1967), the concept suggests that a small initial deviation may spiral into ever-increasing significance through processes of...

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