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Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de

(1744—1829) French naturalist

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acquired characteristics

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

Features that are developed during the lifetime of an individual, e.g. the enlarged arm muscles of a tennis player. Such characteristics are not genetically controlled and cannot be passed...

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August Friedrich Leopold Weismann

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

(1834–1914)

A German biologist who established the improbability, if not impossibility, of the inheritance of acquired characteristics, as required by Lamarck's theory of...

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Élie Faure

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(1873–1937).

Self‐taught French art historian; humanitarian socialist. A disciple of Lamarck, Faure believed that mind and matter, God and Nature, formed an organic and ceaselessly...

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Erasmus Darwin

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(1731–1802),

embodied the botanical system of Linnaeus in his long poem The Loves of the Plants (1789). The work reappeared as Part II of The Botanic Garden (1791), of which Part I...

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Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Literature.

(1772–1844) French biologist

The youngest of fourteen children in a poor family from Etampes in France, Geoffroy was supported by the local clergy, who recognized his precocious...

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evolution

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Arts and Humanities.

In biology, the genetic transformations of populations through time, resulting from genetic variation and the subsequent impact of the environment on rates of reproductive success. See also...

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Georges Cuvier

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

(1769–1832)

French comparative anatomist, who became professor at the Collège de France in 1799, moving in 1802 to the Jardin de Plantes. Cuvier extended the classification system...

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Lamarckism

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

One of the earliest superficially plausible theories of inheritance proposed by Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck in 1809. He suggested that changes in an individual are acquired during its...

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Le Jardin des Plantes

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

Botanical garden on the left bank of the Seine in Paris, inaugurated in 1635 and known from 1640 as the Jardin du Roi. Lectures in botany, chemistry, and related subjects ...

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neo-Lamarckism

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

A modern version of Lamarckism based on the assumption that genetic changes can be brought about by environmental factors and that natural selection operates on acquired characteristics....

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