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Alyattēs

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Fourth Lydian king (c.610–560 bc), of the house of Gyges and father of Croesus, finally drove back the Cimmerians, extended Lydian control to the Halys, and made war on Cyaxarēs the Mede...

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Amasis

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE).

Became pharaoh (see Egypt, pre-ptolemaic; Saites) in 570 bc as champion of the native Egyptians against Apries. Though initially restricting Greek activities (e.g. channelling all trade...

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Anahita

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Anaitis, Ἀναίτις), Persian goddess of the fertilizing waters (Avesta Yašt 5). Artaxerxes (2) II (404–358 bc) introduced the use of cult-images into the major cities of his empire (Berossus...

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Asia Minor

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Classical Studies.

The term ‘Asia Minor’ denotes the westernmost part of the Asian continent, equivalent to modern Turkey between the Aegean and the Euphrates. The west and south coastal fringes were part of...

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Asia, Roman province

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Attalus III of Pergamum bequeathed his kingdom to the Romans. After his death in 133 bc it was constituted as provincia Asia. Originally it consisted of Mysia, Troas, Aeolis, Lydia, Ionia...

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Cimmerians

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[CP]

Bronze Age nomadic communities occupying the Russian steppes north of the Black Sea during the later 2nd millennium bc, well known in the archaeological literature for their...

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Cleitus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

‘the White’ (d. 318 bc), Macedonian officer, held senior infantry and cavalry commands under Alexander (3) the Great (from 327) and returned to the west with Craterus (1) and the ...

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Croesus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Literary Studies (Early and Medieval).

(6th century bc),

last king of Lydia c. 560–546bc. Renowned for his great wealth, he subjugated the Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor before being overthrown by Cyrus the...

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Cybele

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

A mother goddess worshipped especially in Phrygia and later in Greece (where she was associated with Demeter), Rome, and the Roman provinces, with her consort Attis.

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Cyrus

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

Cyrus (II) “the Great” founded the Persian (Achemenid) empire in 559 BCE and controlled the ancient Near East by the time of his death in 530. “Cyrus” may have been ...

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