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metope

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abated

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Stone surface cut away or lowered, leaving a sculpted design in low relief (e.g. on the metope of a Greek Doric temple).

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abuse

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Violation of established uses in Classical architecture.

2 Corruption of form. Abuses according to Palladio included brackets, consoles, or modillions...

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bucrane

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Architecture.

. (pl. bucranes, bucrania).

Ornament in the form of an ox-skull or head frequently associated with festoons and garlands, found especially on the metopes of the Roman Doric Order....

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centaur

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

In Greek mythology, a creature with the head, arms, and torso of a man and the body and legs of a horse. They are said to have been defeated by the Lapiths in the battle after the wedding...

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demi-metope

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Fragmentary or half metope at an external angle (and sometimes of a re-entrant internal angle) of a Roman Doric frieze, found in Renaissance and C18 work.

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Doric

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Relating to or denoting a classical order of architecture characterized by a plain, sturdy column and a thick square abacus resting on a rounded moulding.

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entablature

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

[Co]

A term to cover all the horizontal stonework resting on a row of columns, including the architrave (the lowest member), the frieze, and the cornice at the top.

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frieze

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

[Co]

1 A band of decoration on a wall or vessel, which may be painted or in bas‐relief.

2 That member in the entablature of an order which occurs...

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glyph

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Channel, flute, or groove, normally vertical, as in a Doric frieze, where the blocks framing metopes are the triglyphs so called because they each have two glyphs and two half-glyphs.

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Greek art

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

A term used to describe the art and architecture of ancient Greece, which consisted of many independent city states around the Aegean Sea bound together only by a shared language and...

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