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Michael VIII Palaiologos

(c. 1225—1282)

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Acre

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Ancient port on the eastern Mediterranean shore. It was lost by Byzantium to Chosroes II in 614, briefly regained, and lost to the Arabs in 638. Conquered in 1104 during ...

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Andronikos II Palaiologos

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Emperor (1282–1328); born 1259 or 1260, died Constantinople 13 Feb. 1332.

His 46-year reign, the third longest in the history of the empire, was plagued by religious dissension,...

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Arsenios Autoreianos

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Patriarch of Constantinople (Nov. 1254–Feb./March 1260; May/June? 1261–spring 1265 [cf. V. Laurent, REB 27 (1969) 139f, 142; A. Failler, REB 38 (1980) 59–65, 39 (1981) 155–64]); baptismal...

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Arsenites

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Followers of Arsenios Autoreianos, who were in schism with the patriarchate of Constantinople from 1265. The rift began with Arsenios's deposition from the patriarchal throne by Michael...

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Battle of Pelagonia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Decisive encounter in the valley of Pelagonia, between the forces of the empire of Nicaea and a triple alliance of Michael II Komnenos Doukas of Epiros, William II Villehardouin of ...

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excommunication

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The exclusion of a person from the communion of the Church, imposed by an ecclesiastical court for offences ranging from non‐attendance at church to heresy. Christian burial was denied to...

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George Akropolites

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Civil official, teacher, and historian of the empire of Nicaea; born Constantinople 1217, died Constantinople 1282.

Related by marriage to Michael VIII Palaiologos, Akropolites was...

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George Pachymeres

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(1242–c.1310)

George Pachymeres was born at Nicaea and went to Constantinople in 1261, after the departure of the Latins. A deacon of the patriarchal clergy, he served there all...

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Gregory II of Cyprus

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Patriarch of Constantinople (28 Mar. 1283–June 1289); born Cyprus ca.1241, died Constantinople 1290. He was educated in Cyprus, Nicaea, and Constantinople, where he studied under George...

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Ivajlo

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Bulgarian tsar (1278–79).

Known to the Byz. as Lachanas (“cabbage”), he was a swineherd who believed that he had a mission from God to save Bulgaria from the Tatars. A ...

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