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morphine

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addiction

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Psychology.

(ă-dik-shŏn)

a state of dependence produced either by the habitual taking of drugs or by regularly engaging in certain behaviours (e.g. gambling). See also alcoholism, tolerance.

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alfentanil

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

n. an opioid analgesic drug used mainly for pain relief during surgery (see opiate). It is administered by intravenous injection or infusion, usually at induction of...

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alkaloid

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

One of a group of basic, nitrogenous, normally heterocyclic compounds of a complex nature. Alkaloids are derived from plants, and have powerful pharmacological effects.

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analgesic

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry.

(an-ăl-jee-sik)

1 n. a drug that relieves pain. Aspirin and paracetamol are nonopioid analgesics; morphine and pethidine ( opioid analgesics) are more potent. See...

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antidiarrhoeal

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

Drug used to treat diarrhoea by absorbing water from the intestine, altering intestinal motility, or adsorbing toxins.

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apomorphine

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Science and Mathematics.

(apŏ-mor-feen)

a drug used mainly in the treatment of Parkinson's disease that is poorly controlled by levodopa. It is administered by subcutaneous injection or infusion. Trade...

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buprenorphine

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Psychology.

n. a powerful opioid analgesic (see opiate) used for the relief of moderate to severe pain. It acts for 6–8 hours and is administered by mouth, injection, or transdermal (skin)...

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codeine

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

An opioid drug (methylmorphine), widely used as an analgesic. Approximately 10% of codeine is converted to morphine in the body.

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controlled drugs

Overview page. Subjects: Law.

Drugs, usually those with the potential to cause addiction and dependence, that can only be prescribed under guidelines laid down in law.

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diacetylmorphine

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

other names: diamorphine, heroin; a semisynthetic narcotic analgesic derived from morphine by acetylation and used either as the free base or its hydrochloride. It has more...

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