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mucopolysaccharide

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glucosamine

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. the amino sugar of glucose, i.e. glucose in which the hydroxyl group is replaced by an amino group. Glucosamine is a component of mucopolysaccharides and glycoproteins: for...

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Hurler syndrome

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A hereditary disorder caused by deficiency of an enzyme that results in the accumulation of protein–carbohydrate complexes and fats in the cells of the body (see mucopolysaccharidosis)....

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hyaluronic acid

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Biological Sciences.

An acid mucopolysaccharide that acts as the binding and protective agent of the ground substance of connective tissue. It is also present in the synovial fluid around joints and in the...

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lysosomal storage disease

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Chemistry.

Hereditary diseases characterized by abnormal lipid storage due to defects in lysosomal enzymes. The accumulation of the trapped intermediates of catabolism results in the cytoplasmic...

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manganese

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Chemistry.

Symbol Mn. A grey brittle metallic element that is a trace element (see essential element) for living organisms. It functions as a cofactor for several enzymes.

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Morquio-Brailsford disease

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Chemistry.

A defect of mucopolysaccharide metabolism (see inborn error of metabolism) that causes dwarfism with a kyphosis, a short neck, knock-knee, and an angulated sternum in affected children....

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polysaccharide

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Science and Mathematics.

n. a carbohydrate formed from many monosaccharides joined together in long linear or branched chains. Polysaccharides have two important functions:(1) as storage forms of...

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