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Muslim Brotherhood

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Afghanistan

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A mountainous and landlocked country in south‐central Asia, bounded on the west by Iran, on the south and east by Pakistan, on the east by China, and on the north by Turkmenistan,...

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al- Jamaah al-Islamiyyah

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Islamic Society. Major Sunni organization founded in the early 1960s in Tripoli, Lebanon, as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, although it quickly spread to other cities. Led by...

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Damascus

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

Capital of the Arab Republic of Syria. Cosmopolitan metropolis of very ancient origins; has been a major center of Islamic culture ever since its conquest by the Muslims in the seventh...

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Egypt

Overview page. Subjects: History.

Egypt, the largest Arab country, has made little progress towards democracy

Egypt's vast territory consists of two main desert areas separated by the fertile Nile Valley. The...

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fundamentalism

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

A form of Protestant Christianity which upholds belief in the strict and literal interpretation of the Bible, including its narratives, doctrines, prophecies, and moral laws. Also, strict...

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Hasan al- Banna

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(d. 1949)

Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (Jamiat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun) in 1928. Held absolute personal authority over the movement and required personal loyalty and...

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Ḥasan al- Turābī

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Ḥasan al-Turābī (b. 1932),was a Sudanese Islamist and political leader. He was born in central Sudan and grew up in a particularly devout Muslim family. He received an Islamic education ...

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Hosni Mubarak

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1928– )

Egyptian statesman, President since 1981. Appointed head of the Egyptian air force in 1972, Mubarak became Vice-President in 1975 and succeeded President Sadat following...

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Ideology and Islam

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Most Muslims claim that “Islam is one” and offers a blueprint for all aspects of life. Islam increasingly occupies a special place in school curricula, and states seek to control what is...

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Islamic Action Front

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

The Islamic Action Front (Jabhat al-ʿAmal al-Islāmī, IAF), Jordan 's most influential political opposition movement, is inextricably tied to the country 's Muslim Brotherhood. The IAF was...

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