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Office of Scientific Research and Development

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Alsos missions

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

US intelligence teams dispatched to Europe in 1943–4 to track down Axis scientific research teams. They were particularly interested in the advances made by German scientists, led by Werner...

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atomic bomb

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

1. Development

Following the discovery of radioactivity by the French scientist Henri Becquerel in 1896, measurements of the kinetic energies of alpha-particles emitted by...

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James Bryant Conant

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — History.

(1893–1978) educator and scientist, born in Boston, Massachusetts. Conant chaired the National Defense Research Council, the weapons research and development group of the federal Office of...

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operational research

Overview page.

The application of statistical and scientific methods to the management of commercial and industrial processes and of military and governmental activities.

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scientist

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

The term “scientist” was coined by the Cambridge don and polymath William Whewell to designate a person interested in promoting natural knowledge. He introduced the term in a review of ...

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Vannevar Bush

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — History.

(1890–1974) science administrator and engineer, born in Everett, Massachusetts. Bush was the chair of the National Research Council's Division of Engineering and Industrial Research...

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